The government and society need reliable investigators to tackle fishing crimes in Indonesian waters. IOJI plays a role and strengthens this reliability through training for investigators from the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries.
Fishery crime is a big enemy of the sustainability of Indonesia’s marine and fishery resources. One of the fisheries crimes in Indonesian waters is the crime of money laundering (tindak pidana pencucian uang or TPPU) which allegedly caused huge losses to the state.
Implementation of Law No. 8 of 2010 concerning the Prevention and Eradication of Money Laundering Crimes (Undang-Undang tentang TPPU atau UU TPPU, meaning Money Laundering Law or ML Law) plays an important role in overcoming ML in fisheries. The application is expected to create a deterrent effect on perpetrators, as well as recover Non-Tax State Revenue for the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries.
The problem is that the ML Law has not given authority to Civil Servant Investigators (penyidik pegawai negeri sipil or PPNS) in the field of fisheries to conduct investigations of ML with the crime of fisheries as a predicate crime.
The road began to unravel in June 2021. Constitutional Court (Mahkamah Konstitusi or MK) Decision Number 15/PUU-XIX/2021 issued that month gave new hope to Fisheries PPNS. Through the decision, the Constitutional Court gave authority to Fisheries PPNS to investigate money laundering offenses with fisheries crimes and quarantine crimes as predicate crimes.
To optimize authority, the state and society need to strengthen human resources (HR) within the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan or KKP).
That is why the KKP in collaboration with the Indonesia Ocean Justice Initiative (IOJI) organizes training for PPNS KKP in handling ML cases.
Held on 15 February 2022, as many as 45 fishery supervisors who already have authority as PPNS from the Directorate General of Maritime and Fisheries Resources Supervision (Direktorat Jenderal Pengawasan Sumber Daya Kelautan dan Perikanan or PSDKP) of the KKP participated in a training driven by the Maritime and Fisheries Research and Human Resources Agency (Badan Riset dan Sumber Daya Manusia Kelautan dan Perikanan or BRSDM) of the KKP.
The training is in line with the commitment of the Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Sakti Wahyu Trenggono to realize sustainable and sustainable management of marine and fisheries resources.
He emphasized the ministry’s commitment to increasing supervision in Indonesian territorial waters. Strengthening supervision coupled with strengthening HR capacity, he said, “can eradicate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing practices.”